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| Last Updated:: 21/01/2020

Hepatitis Day

 Hepatitis is a most serious health disorder of an important body organ called liver. Without liver or liver with any chronic disease, one cannot imagine his/her healthy life. So, it is very necessary to eradicate the problems of liver and other body organs to live healthy live as well as making world, a disease free world. This article is a small and great message to everyone to be aware about the hepatitis.



World Hepatitis Day History


World Hepatitis Day is being celebrated every year on 28th of July aiming to make aware the common people globally about hepatitis. It is the world level awareness program launched as a global public health campaign by the World Health Organization to make the world a hepatitis free world.

Earlier it was being celebrated as an international Hepatitis C Awareness day by the patient groups of European and Middle Eastern regions on 1st of October in 2004 however in some regions it was mark as a hepatitis day on different dates. In order to make this a best awareness campaign in 2008, the World Hepatitis Alliance has declared 19th of May as the first World Hepatitis Day in association with the patient groups.

However, the date was changed to 28th of July after the adoption of earlier declaration in the 63rd World Health Assembly in the month of May 2010. It was titled as the World Hepatitis Day focusing to raise the awareness on national and international level through great efforts. 28th of July was declared as the final date for the celebration of World Hepatitis Day globally to honor the “Nobel Laureate Baruch Samuel Blumberg” on his birthday anniversary (28th of July) as he discovered the hepatitis B virus.

World Hepatitis Day was established to be celebrated on 28th of July in order to expand the educational areas as well as provide opportunities to new generations to get better understandings about viral hepatitis to enhance global public health by solving problems. It is being celebrating very actively in more than 100 countries worldwide by organizing lots of effective activities.


What is Hepatitis


Hepatitis is the liver infection and inflammation caused by the virus. Five types of the hepatitis have been detected caused by different viruses and named as hepatitis A, B, C, D, E. A and E type are short term infection and known as acute infection however B, C and D type are long-term infection and called as chronic hepatitis. Second one may lead to some life threatening complications including cirrhosis means liver scarring, liver cancer, liver failure and so many. More than 1.5 million people are getting die every year because of this dangerous disease whereas 4.4 million Americans are living with the infection of this chronic hepatitis.

People may be infected with the hepatitis A due to the food and water contamination with fecal matter. Hepatitis B is most common problem caused in many regions of the world especially in the Asian and African countries. Vaccines are available for both type hepatitis A and B. Hepatitis C can be caused by the sharing of needles, equipments injecting cosmetic substances, steroids or drugs.

Know More Hepatitis is a national Hepatitis C education campaign designed to decrease the burden of chronic Hepatitis C. The campaign is aimed at increasing awareness about this hidden epidemic and encouraging people who may be chronically infected with Hepatitis C to get tested. Most of the persons suffering from the viral hepatitis do not develop any obvious symptoms in the starting period which may lead to the some serious liver problems like liver damage, liver cancer and failure which needs liver transplant.


Why World Hepatitis Day is celebrated


World hepatitis day is celebrated annually to encourage the common public for the early diagnosis, prevention and treatment from the hepatitis. Millions of people have been affected worldwide with the acute and chronic hepatitis and getting die in large number every year. People get stimulated through the celebration activities and know in detail about all the preventive and control measures of the hepatitis. It needs a broad level of awareness worldwide which is possible by getting participated in the events and activities in the nearest areas with the help of WHD toolkit. Some of the objectives of celebrating world hepatitis day are mentioned below:

  • To provides an opportunity to all focusing together on this issue.
  • To raise common public awareness about various forms of the hepatitis including means of transmission.
  • To strengthen people by letting them know about different measures like prevention, early diagnosis, screening, control and etc.
  • To increase the awareness about hepatitis A and B vaccines.
  • To get global response of the people in order to implement some solid steps towards the hepatitis.
  • To expand the educational areas for immunization, prevention, diagnosis and control.
  • To enhance the awareness about comprehensive care and treatment of people suffering from hepatitis.
  • To increase public awareness about the risk factors, remove social stigma and promote for early testing.
  • To implement new training methods and number of skilled medical professionals in order to enhance the quality care.
  • To promote various health and governments organizations worldwide for their active involvement in the event to create new strategies against hepatitis.
  • To promote professional staff members to actively participate in the event.

The international theme for World Hepatitis Day

2019: "Invest in eliminating Hepatitis"

2018: "Test. Treat Hepatitis"

2017: "Elimate Hepatitis"

2016: "Know Hepatitis- Act Now"

2015: "Prevention of viral Hepatitis"

2014: "Hepatitis: Think Again".

2013: “More must be done to stop this silent killer”.

2012: “It’s closer than you think”.

2011: “Hepatitis affects everyone, everywhere. Know it. Confront it”.

2010: “This is hepatitis”.

2009: “Am I Number 12?”.

2008: “Am I Number 12?”