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| Last Updated:: 29/07/2016

Road Network in Kerala


Road Network in Kerala

          The roads in Kerala are maintained by National Highways / Public Works Department (R&B), Local Bodies, Department of Irrigation, KSEB, Department of Forests, Railways etc. Other agencies dealing with transport sector are National Transportation Planning and Research Centre (NATPAC), Motor Vehicles Department, Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC), Kerala Transport Development Finance Corporation (KTDFC) and Roads & Bridges Development Corporation of Kerala (RBDCK).


a)    National Highways in Kerala

          The length of National Highways in Kerala (see Table below) increased from 1523.954 km in 2003-04 to 1525.570 KM during 2004-05. National Highways in Kerala is only 2.3% of the total National Highway length spread over 1525.570 KM in India. Improvement and strengthening of 320 km of National Highways was carried out by providing Bituminous Macadam and Asphalic concrete in the year 2004-05. 

                   Based on the data available in 2010, there are 9 National Highways passing through the State of Kerala with a total length of 1534.451 Km. Government of India Vide Notification No S.O 542(E) dated 5th March renamed all the National Highways .The revised numbers of National Highways are here.

 

The National Highway Wing of State PWD is responsible for the upkeep and development of National Highways in the State mainly with the funds allocated by the Government of India. There are nine National Highways together constituting 1747.251 Km length in the State. The details are shown below: 

 

Sl. Noc

New No.

Existing No.

From

To

Length of New NH No. in Kerala Kms

1

66

NH 17

Thalappadi

Edappally

420.777

669.437

 

 

NH 47

Edappally

Kaliyikkavila

248.660

2

544

NH 47

Valayar

Edappally

160.000

3

85

NH 49

Bodimettu

Kundanoor

167.610

4

744

NH 208

Kollam

Kazhuthuruthy

81.280

5

766

NH 212

Kozhikode

Kerala– Karnataka Border

117.600

6

966

NH 213

Kozhikode

Palakkad

125.304

7

183

NH 220

Kollam

Theni in Tamil Nadu Border

190.300

8

966 B

NH 47 A

Wellington Island

Kundanoor

5.920

9

966 A

NH 47 C

Vallarpadam

Kalamassery

17.000

10

183 A

-

Bharanikkavu

Mundakkayam

116.800

11

185

-

Adimaly

Chelimadu

96.000

 

Total

1747.251

b)State Road Network

          On the road front, traffic has been growing at a rate of 10 to 11 percent every year, resulting in excessive pressure on the roads in the State. Total road length in Kerala during 2004-05, increased to 154679 KM from 145704 kms in the previous year, registering an increase of 6 percent. Road density in the State is 398 km / 100 sq.km and it is far ahead of national average of 74.9 km/100 sq.km. The length of road per lakh population is 485.8 km and it is much higher than the national average of 259.2 km. The roads maintained by Panchayats has also increased by 5.34 percent in 2004-05. Category of road network in Kerala is shown here. 

          According to the reports on 2010, all major arterial roads which provide mobility are with the PWD (R&B) consisting 4341.651 Km State Highways and 18900.058 Km Major District Roads (MDR), where as the length of SH  during the previous year is 4460.29 Km and that of MDR is 17117.928 Km showing a increase in length in MDR. The Other District Roads under PWD converted as MDR during 2001-06 are now deleted and newly retained MDR and the length of MDR comes to 18900.058 Km showing an increase in length by 1782.13 Km. Roads maintained by PWD (R&B) and PWD (NH) are shown here:

               According to the reports 2011, the State of Kerala the Public Works Department have a total road length of 33106 Kms of State roads and 1542 Kms of National Highways. The State roads include 4342 Kms. of State Highways and 18900.058 Kms of Major District Roads (MDR).  Road improvements, repair and maintenance of existing roads, development and up gradation are the major activities taken up in the sector during the year . Budgetary support, private finance and institutional supports are used for the purpose. Roads maintained by PWD (R&B) and PWD (NH) are shown here

                       According to 2012 reports,  Kerala the Public Works Department has a total road length of 31811.6 Kms of State roads and 1542 Kms of National Highways. The State roads include 4341.65 Kms of State Highways and 27469.95 Kms of Major District Roads. Road improvements, repair and maintenance of existing roads, development and up gradation are the major activities taken up in the sector during the year. Budgetary support, private finance and institutional supports are used for the purpose. In the road infrastructure the share by different department of PWD are shown here:

                                        The outlay and expenditure in the Transport sector during 2011-12, 2012-13 and 2013-14 is given here

 

                      According to the reports published by the Economic Review 2013, total road length in Kerala during 2012-13 increased to 243373.398 Kms. Road density in the State is 390 Km/100 sq.km and it is ahead of the national average of 131 km/100 sq.km. The length of road per lakh population is 728 km. The roads maintained by different Panchayats have also increased by 72.92 percent in 2012-13. Roads maintained by different agencies are show in the table and the category of road network in Kerala is shown here.

 

                             According to the reports published by the Kerala State Planning Board Economic Review 2014, the total road length in Kerala during 2013-14 increased to 3,31,372 Kms. from 2,43,373 Kms in the previous year. Road density in the State is 852 Km/100 sq.km and it is ahead of the national average of 387 km/100 sq.km. The length of road per lakh population is 991 km. The roads maintained by different Panchayats has also increased by 49 percent in 2013-14. The outlay and Expenditure in Transport Sector during 2012-13 to 2014-15 is given here.

Roads maintained by different agencies are given in the table below  and category of road network in Kerala is shown in the figure here.

 The major development indicators of transport and communication sector in the State since 2008 are given here . On the road front, traffic has been growing at a rate of 10 to 11 percent every year, resulting in excessive pressure on the roads of the State.  

                        Out of the total road length of 265421 Km held by Panchayats, 48415 Km (18%) are black topped, 20060 Km (7.6%) are gravelled , 9481 Km (3.57%) are cement concrete and 172001 (65%) are in the other category. Out of the total roads maintained by PWD (31811.601) Km, Kottayam District has the major share with a length of 3449.301 Km (10.8%). Wayanad District has the lowest share 1029.305 Km (3%). Details of district wise length of roads maintained by PWD (R&B) as on 31.03.2014 is given here. As on 31.03.2014 there were 2253 bridges and 51400 culverts on the PWD roads. Of them 91 Nos of bridges need reconstruction/rennovation and 1265 culverts are not in good condition. More details are available in the here. 

                            Out of the total road length of 177466.257 Km held byPanchayats, 52636.277 Km (29.66%) are black topped and 77223 Km (43.5%) are gravelled. Out of the total roads maintained by PWD 31811.601 Km, Kottayam District has the major share with a length of 3449.301 Km (10.8%). Wayanad District has the lowest share 1029.305 Km (3%). Details of district wise length of roads maintained by PWD (R&B) as on 31.03.2013 is given in Appendix 5.2a

                       As on 31.03.2013 there were 2240 bridges and 51360 culverts on the PWD roads. Of them 85 Nos of bridges need reconstruction/renovation and 1591 culverts are not in good condition. More details are available in the Appendix 5.3a, Appendix 5.4a, Appendix 5.5a and Appendix 5.6a

 Based on the Economic Review reports 2015, total road length in Kerala during 2014-15 increased from 3, 31,372.261 Km in the previous year to 3, 72,472.216 Km (12%). Road density in the State is 853 Km/100 sq.km and it is far ahead of the national average of 387 km/100 sq.km. The outlay and expenditure in the Transport sector during 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16 is given below.

The Outlay and expenditure in the Transport sector during 2013-14 to 2015-16 (₹ lakhs)

 

Sl No

Sub Sectors

Annual Plan 2013-14

Annual Plan 2014-15

Annual Plan 2015-16

Outlay

Expdr.

Outlay

Expdr.

Outlay

Expdr.upto 10/15

1

Port Department

7869.00

4534.10 (57.62%)

9869.00

4699.13 (47.62%)

11929.00

2072.40 (17.37%)

2

Roads and Bridges

85515.00

124583.64 (145.69%)

83641.00

131660.27 (157.41%)

95107.00

117258.37 (123.29%)

3

Road Transport

7485.00

6965.76 (93.06%)

10226.00

7578.57 (74.11%)

7425.00

1900.00 (25.59%)

4

Inland Waterways

13643.00

3451.73 (25.30%)

14342.00

3632.23 (25.33%)

15542.00

974.30 (6.27%)

(Source: State Planning Board)

              Roads maintained by different agencies of the State are given below.

Agency wise distribution of State roads in Kerala during 2014-15 

Sl.No

Name of Department

Length (Km)

Percentage

1

Panchayats (LSGDs)

306341.824

82.24

2

PWD (R&B)

31811.601

8.54

3

Municipalities

18411.870

4.94

4

Corporations

6644.000

1.78

5

Forests

4575.770

1.23

6

Irrigation

2611.900

0.70

7

PWD (NH)

1747.251

0.48

8

Others (Railways, KSEB)

328.000

0.09

 

Total

372472.216

100.00

(Source: Various Departments)

 

The roads maintained by different Local Self Government Departments have account for 82.24 percent of the total in 2014-15. Out of the total road length of 306341.824 Km maintained by Panchayats, 133705.75 Km (43.65%) are black topped and 54421.124 Km (17.77%) are cement concrete. Out of the total roads maintained by PWD 31811.601 Km, Kottayam District has the major share with a length of 3449.301 Km (10.8%). Wayanad District has the lowest share at 1029.305 Km (3%). Details of district wise and category wise length of roads maintained by PWD (R&B) as on 31.03.2015 is given in here. As on 31.03.2015 there were 2253 bridges and 51400 culverts on the PWD roads. Of them, 91 bridges need reconstruction/renovation and 1265 culverts are not in good condition. More details are given in1, 2, 3 and 4 .

State Highways and Major District Roads: Of the 14 districts in the State Kottayam has the major share of PWD roads with the length of 3016.765 Km and Wayanad has the lowest share with 766.352 Km. Analyzing the PWD roads it reveals that only 6.655Km is cement concrete, 22174.503 Km is black topped and 447.238 Km water bound macadam. The black topped surface contributes 95.4 percentages. The number of bridges and culverts and number of unsafe bridges and culverts remained same. There are 2179 bridges (627 on SH and 1552 on MDR) and 51422 culverts (11512 on SH and 39910 on MDR) in PWD. Grama Panchayats and Block Panchayats maintain lion share of State Roads which comes to 104257 Kms which constitutes 68.75% of the total road length in the State.

 

                               All major arterial roads which provide mobility is with the PWD (R and B) and consist of 4341.65Km State Highways and 27469.95 Km Major District Roads. District wise details of road length are shown in Appendix 5.2.

            Of the 14 districts in the State, like 2011, in 2012 also Kottayam has the major share of PWD roads with the length of 3449.3 Km and Wayanad has the lowest share with 1029.3 Km. The district wise, surface wise and category wise length of road maintained by PWD (R&B) as on 31-3-2012 is given in Appendix 5.3. The surface wise and category wise length of PWD Roads during 2011-12 is given in Appendix 5.4.

            Analyzing the PWD roads it reveals that only 6.66Km is cement concrete, 30744.4Km is black topped and 447.3 Km water bound macadam. The black topped surface contributes nearly 97 % of the total roads. When compared to 2011 only the length of black topped road increased from 22174.5kms to 30744.4 kms (38.6% increase). The district wise details are given in Appendix 5.5.

            The number of bridges and culverts and number of unsafe bridges and culverts remained same during the year. There are 2179 bridges (627 on SH and 1552 on MDR) and 51422 culverts (11512 on SH and 39910 on MDR) under PWD. Of them 148 bridges and 1519 culverts are unsafe and need reconstruction /renovation and details is shown in Appendix 5.6.

 

Source:

* Economic Review 2010-2015

* Motor Vehicle Department 

Department of Economics and Statistics, Kerala