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| Last Updated:: 13/09/2013

Ornamental Plants of Kerala

Plant  Name

Family

Habit

Abelmoschus crinitus Wall.

Malvaceae

Herb

Abutilon persicum (Burm.f.) Merr.

Malvaceae

Woody herb

Acranthera grandiflora Bedd.

Rubiaceae

Herb

Acrotrema arnottianum Wight.

Dilleniaceae

Acaulescent herb

Aeschynanthus perrottetii A.DC.

Gesneriaceae

Epiphytic climbing shrub

Alangium salvifolium (Linn.f.) Wang. ssp. hexapatalum (Lamk.) Wang.

Cornaceae

Scandent shrub

Anaphyllum beddomei Engl.

Araceae

Herb

Anaphyllum wightii Schott

Araceae

Herb

Anisochilus argenteus Gamble

Lamiaceae

Under shrub

Antestrophe serratefolia Hook.f.

Myrsinaceae

Under shrub

Ardisia litoralis Andr.

Myrsinaceae

Shrub

Argostemma courtallense Arn.

Rubiaceae

Herb

Arisaema leschenaultii Blume

Araceae

Cormatous herb

Arisaema tortuosum (Wall.) Schott et Endlitcher

Araceae

Cormous herb

Artanema longifolia (Linn.) Vatke

Scrophulariaceae

Under shrub

Asparagus racemosus Willd

Liliaceae

Climbing under shrub

Barleria courtallica Nees

Acanthaceae

Shrub

Barleria involucrata Nees var. elata (Dalz.) Clarke

Acanthaceae

Shrub

Bauhinia phoeniceae Heyne ex Wight & Arn.

Caesalpiniaceae

Climbing shrub

Begonia albo-coccinea Hook

Begoniaceae

Scapigerous herb

Begonia floccifera Bedd.

Begoniaceae

Herb

Begonia malabarica Lam.

Begoniaceae

Under shrub

Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub

Fabaceae

Tree

Calanthe masuca (D. Don) Lindl.

Orchidaceae

Terrestrial herb

Ceropegia beddomei Hook .f.

Asclepiadaceae

Slender twiner

Chlorophytum attenuatum (Wt.) Baker

Liliaceae

Herb

Chlorophytum nimmonii (Grah.) Dalz

Liliaceae

Herb

Cochlospermum religiosum (L.) Alston

Cochlospermaceae

Tree

Coelogyne breviscapa Lindl.

Orchidaceae

Epiphytic herb

Coelogyne nervosa A. Rich.

Orchidaceae

Epiphytic herb

Costus speciosus (Koen.) Smith

Scitaminae

Terrestrial herb

Crotalaria grahamiana Wt. & Arn.

Fabaceae

Under shrub

Croton malabaricus Bedd.

Euphorbiaceae

Small tree

Cymbidium ensifolium (L.) Sw. var. haematodes (Lindl) Trim.

Orchidaceae

Herb

Dendrobium aqueum Lindl.

Orchidaceae

Epiphytic herb

Dendrobium wightii Hawkes & Heller

Orchidaceae

Epiphytic herb

Desmodium heterocarpon (L.) DC

Fabaceae

Trailing under shrub

Dianella nemorosa Lamk.

Liliaceae

Herb

Didymocarpus fischeri Gamble

Gesneriaceae

Scapigerous herb

Didymocarpus repens Bedd.

Gesneriaceae

Creeping herb

Didymocarpus tomentosa Wight

Gesneriaceae

Scapigerous herb

Diospyros microphylla Bedd.

Ebenaceae

Tree

Diotacanthus grandis (Bedd.)Benth.ex Clarke

Acanthaceae

Shrub

Dracaena terniflora Roxb.

Liliaceae

Under shrub

Echolium viride (Forsk.) var. laetevirens (Clarke)

Acanthaceae

Shrub

Eranthemum capens Linn.

Acanthaceae

Small undershrub

Eulophia nuda Lindl.

Orchidaceae

Terrestrial herb

Exacum courtallense Arn. var. laxiflorum Gamble

Gentianaceae

Perennial herb

Exacum tetragonum Roxb.

Gentianaceae

Herb

Exacum wightianum Arn.

Gentianaceae

Erect herb

Fagraea zeylanica Thunb.

Loganiaceae

Small epiphytic tree

Globba ophioglossa Wight

Zingiberaceae

Herb

Gomphia serrata (Gaertn) Kanis.

Ochnaceae

Small tree

Gomphostemma eriocarpon Benth.

Lamiaceae

Herb

Gomphostemma heyneanum Wall. ex. Benth.

Lamiaceae

Under shrub

Gymnostachyum febrifugum Benth.

Acanthaceae

Scapigerous herb

Habenaria crinifera Lindl.

Orchidaceae

Terrestrial herb

Habenaria longicornu Lindl.

Orchidaceae

Terrestrial herb

Hedychium coronarium Koeing

Zingiberaceae

Herb

Hedychium venustum Wt.

Scitaminae

Herb

Hoya retusa Dalz.

Asclepiadaceae

Pendulous Epiphytic herb

Hugonia mystax Linn.

Linaceae

Climbing shrub

Humboldtia decurrens Bedd. ex. Oliver

Fabaceae

Woody herb

Humboldtia unijuga Bedd. var. trijuga Joseph and Chandr.

Caesalpiniaceae

Small tree

Hypericum mysorense Heyne ex Wt. & Arn.

Hypericaceae

Woody herb

Impatiens hensloviana Arn.

Balsaminaceae

Shrub

Impatiens jerdoniae Wt.

Balsaminaceae

Epiphytic herb

Impatiens parasitica Bedd.

Balsaminaceae

Epiphytic herb

Impatiens scapiflora Heyne ex Roxb.

Balsaminaceae

Scapigerous herb

Impatiens verticillata Wt.

Balsaminaceae

Herb

Indobanalia thyrsiflora (Moquin) Henry and Roy

Amaranthaceae

Herb

Ipomoea hederifolia Linn.

Convolvulaceae

Twinning herb

Ipsea malabarica (Reichb.f.) Hook.f.

Orchidaceae

Terrestrial tuberous herb

Ixora agasthyamalayana Sivadasan et Mohanan

Rubiaceae

Small tree

Ixora johnsonii Hook. f.

Rubiaceae

Under shrub

Ixora lanceolaria Colebr.

Rubiaceae

Shrub

Ixora nigricans R.Br. ex Wt. & Arn.

Rubiaceae

Shrub

Ixora polyantha Wight

Rubiaceae

Under shrub

Jasminum azoricum L. var. azoricum

Oleaceae

Climbing shrub

Jasminum cordifolium Wall. Ex G. Don.

Oleaceae

Climbing shrub

Jasminum multiflorum (Burm.f.) Andr.

Oleaceae

Climbing shrub

Justicia santapaui Bennet

Acanthaceae

Shrub

Lilium wallichianum Schultes & Schultes f. var. neilgherrense (Wight) Hara

Liliaceae

Bulbous herb

Lobelia nicotianifolia Roth ex Roem. & Schult. var. nicotianifolia

Lobeliaceae

Perennial herb

Medinilla beddomei Clarke

Melastomataceae

Epiphytic climbing shrub

Melastoma malabathricum Linn.

Melastomataceae

Small tree

Memecylon malabaricum (C. B. Clarke) Cogn.

Melastomataceae

Small tree

Merremia vitifolia (Burm. f.) Hall. f.

Convolvulaceae

Twiner

Mesua nagassarium (Burm.f.) Kosterm.

Clusiaceae

Tree

Neurocalyx calycinus (R. Br. Ex Benn.) Robinson

Rubiaceae

Herb

Ophiorrhiza eriantha Wt.

Rubiaceae

Under shrub

Ophiorrhiza roxburghiana Wt.

Rubiaceae

Under shrub

Orthosiphon comosus Wt. ex Benth.

Lamiaceae

Under shrub

Osbeckia aspera (Linn.) Blume

Melastomataceae

Under shrub

Osbeckia Kleinii W & A

Melastomataceae

Under shrub

Osbeckia virgata D. Don. ex Wt. & Arn.

Melastomataceae

Under shrub

Paphiopedilum drurii (Bedd.) Pfitz.

Orchidaceae

Terrestrial herb

Pecteilis gigantea (J.E.Smith) Rafin.

Orchidaceae

Terrestrial herb

Peliosanthes teta Andr. ssp. humilis (Andr.) Jessop.

Haemodaraceae

Herb

Pellionia heyneana Wedd.

Urticaceae

Herb

Phlebophyllum lawsonii (Gamble) Bremek.

Acanthaceae

Shrub

Phoenix sylvestris (Linn.) Roxb.

Araceae

Woody herb

Phrynium capitatum Willd.

Marantaceae

Herb

Phyllanthus gageanus (Gamble) Mohanan

Euphorbiaceae

Under shrub

Pinanga dicksonii (Roxb.) Blume

Arecaceae

Woody Palm

Plectranthus wightii Benth.

Lamiaceae

Herb

Quisqualis malabarica Bedd.

Combretaceae

Climbing shrub

Reidia longiflora Gamble n Comb.

Euphorbiaceae

Shrub

Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz

Acanthaceae

Under shrub

Rhynchoglossum notonianum (Wall.) B. L. Burtt.

Gesneriaceae

Succulent herb

Rhynchostylis retusa (L) Blume

Orchidaceae

Epiphytic herb

Saraca asoka (Roxb) de Wilde

Caesalpiniaceae

Tree

Scutellaria oblonga Benth.

Lamiaceae

Herb

Scuttellaria violacea Heyne ex Benth

Lamiaceae

Herb

Sonerila brunonis Wight & Arn.

Melastomataceae

Under shrub

Sonerila grandiflora Wall.

Melastomataceae

Under shrub

Sonerila rheedi Wt. & Arn.

Melastomataceae

Herb

Sonerila rotundifolia Bedd.

Melastomataceae

Herb

Sonerila travancorica Bedd.

Melastomataceae

Under shrub

Sonerila versicolor Wight

Melastomataceae

Herb

Sopubia trifida Buch. Ham. ex D. Don

Scrophulariaceae

Erect herb

Strobilanthes lupulinus Nees

Acanthaceae

Under shrub

Strophanthus wightianus Wall. ex Wight

Apocyanaceae

Climbing shrub

Swertia anguistifolia Buch. Ham. var. pulchella Burk.

Gentianaceae

Erect herb

Syzygium laetum (Buch.-Ham.) Gandhi

Myrtaceae

Small tree

Tabernaemontana gamblei Subr. and Henry

Apocyanaceae

Shrub

Tainia bicornis (Lindl.) Reichb.f.

Orchidaceae

Pseudobulbous herb

Tarenna monosperma (Wt. & Arn.) Raju

Rubiaceae

Shrub

Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. var. fragrans

Acanthaceae

Climbing herb

Thunbergia mysorensis (Wight) T. And.

Thunbergiaceae

Climbing shrub

Torenia bicolor Dalz.

Scrophulariaceae

Trailing herb

Torenia travancorica Gamble

Scrophulariaceae

Creeping herb

Vitis discolor Bl.

Vitaceae

Climber

Zingiber neesanum (Grah.) Ramam.

Zingiberaceae

Herb

Zingiber wightianum Thw.

Zingiberaceae

Herb

 

Source: JNTBGRI