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| Last Updated:: 24/03/2017

Mosquitoes of Vector genera in Kerala

ANOPHELES SPECIES OF KERALA

No

Species

Reference for

distribution in Kerala

Vector status

1

An. culicifacies Giles, 1901

Christophers (1933)

Primary vector of Malaria

2

An. fluviatilis James, 1902

Christophers (1933)

Primary vector of Malaria

3

An. stephensi Liston, 1901

Christophers (1933)

Primary vector of Malaria

4

An. dirus Peyton & Harrison, 1979

Nagpal and Sharma1995)

Primary vector of Malaria

 5

An. pallidus Theobald, 1901

Christophers (1933)

 

An. minimus Theobald, 1901

Nagpal and Sharma (1995)

Primary vector of Malaria

An. aitkenii James, 1903

Nagpal and Sharma(1995)

 

An. insulaeforum (Swell. & Swell.), 1919

Nagpal and Sharma(1995)

 

An. nigerrimus Giles, 1900

Nagpal and Sharma(1995)

 

10 

An. culiciformis Cogill, 1903

Nagpal and Sharma (1995)

 

11 

An. sintoni Puri, 1929

Christophers (1933)

 

12

An. pseudosundaicus Tyagi et al, 2009

Tyagi et al (2009)

 

13 

An. hyrcanus (Pallas), 1771

Christophers (1933)

 

14

An. elegans (James), 1903

Nagpal and Sharma

(1995)

 

15 

An. tesselatus Theobald, 1901

Christophers (1933)

 

16

An. majidi Young and Majid, 1928

Christophers (1933)

 

17 

An. subpictus Grassi, 1899

Christophers (1933)

 

18 

An. vagus Doenitz, 1902

Christophers (1933)

 

19 

An. moghulensis Christophers, 1924

Christophers (1933)

 

20 

An. karwari (James), 1902

Christophers (1933)

 

 21

An. jamesi Theobald, 1901

Christophers (1933

 

 22

An. splendidus Koiduzmi, 1920

Christophers (1933

 

 23

An. annularis Van der Wulp, 1884

Christophers (1933

Secondary vector of malaria

 24

An. philippinensis Ludlow, 1902

Christophers (1933

Secondary vector of malaria

 25

An. aconitus Doenitz, 1902

Christophers (1933

 

 26

An. jeyporiensis James, 1902

Christophers (1933

 

 27

An. maculatus Theobald, 1901

Christophers (1933)

 

 28

An. varuna Iyengar, 1921

Christophers (1933)

Secondary vector of malaria

 29

An. barbirostris Van der Wulp,1884

Christophers (1933)

 

 30

An.peditaeniatus

Arunachalam et al (2004)

 

 31

An. sinensis (Wiedemann)

Balasubramanian &  Nikhil, 2013

 

 

AEDES

No

Species

Reference for

distribution in Kerala

Vector status

Ae. aegypti Linnaeus, 1762

Barraud (1934)

Primary vector of Dengue

 2

Ae. albopictus (Skuse), 1894

Barraud (1934)

Primary vector of Dengue

 3

Ae. kanarensis Barraud, 1934

Barraud (1934)

 

 4

Ae. desmotes Giles, 1904

Barraud (1934)

 

 5

Ae. barraudi (Edwards), 1934

Tewari & Hiriyan (1994)

 

 6

Ae. khasani Edwards, 1922

Barraud (1934)

 

 7

Ae. Chrysolineatus (Theobald), 1907

Barraud (1934)

 

 8

Ae. Mediopunctatus Theobald, 1905

Barraud (1934)

 

 9

Ae. cautus Barraud, 1924

Barraud (1934)

 

 10

Ae. ostentatio (Leicestor), 1908

Barraud (1934)

 

 11

Ae. butleri Theobald, 1901

Barraud (1934)

 

 12

Ae. gubernatoris (Giles), 1901

Sumodan (2012)

 

 13

Ae. cogilli Edwards, 1922

Sumodan (2012)

 

 14

Ae. subalbopictus Barraud, 1931

Sumodan (2012)

 

 15

Ae. vexans (Meigen), 1830

New record

 

 16

Ae. harveyi Barraud, 1923

Sumodan (2012)

 

 17

Ae. agastyai Tewari &Hiriyan, 1992

Tewari & Hiriyan (1992)

 

 18

Ae. rubenae Tewari & Hiriyan, 1992

Tewari & Hiriyan (1992)

 

 19

Ae. menoni Mattingly 1958

Mattingly (1958)

 

 20

Ae. caecus (Theobald), 1901

Barraud (1934)

 

 21

Ae. Andamanensis Edwards, 1922

Barraud, (1934)

 

 22

Ae. vittatus (Bigot), 1861

Barraud, (1934)

 

 23

Ae. greenii Theobald, 1903

Balasubramanian & Nikhil, 2013

 

 24

Aedes w-albus Theobald,

1905

Balasubramanian & Nikhil, 2013

 

 

  

CULEX

No

Species

Reference for

distribution in Kerala

Vector status

Cx.  uinquefasciatus

Barraud (1934)

Bancroftian filariasis

2

Cx. tritaeniorhynchus Giles, 1901

Giles (1901)

Japanese encephalitis

3

Cx. vishnui Theobald, 1901

Barraud (1934)

Japanese encephalitis

4

Cx. pseudovishnui Colles, 1957

Rajavel et al (2006)

Japanese encephalitis

5

Cx. gelidus Theobald, 1901

Barraud (1934)

Japanese encephalitis

6

Cx. modestus Ficalbi, 1890

Mariappan et al (1997)

 

7

Cx. bitaeniorhynchus Giles, 1901

Giles (1901)

Japanese encephalitis

8

Cx. cornutus Edwards, 1922

Mariappan et al (1997)

 

9

Cx. epidesmus (Theobald), 1910

Mariappan et al (1997)

 

10

Cx. brevipalpis (Giles), 1902

Mariappan et al (1996)

 

11

Cx. uniformis Theobald, 1905

Sumodan (2012)

 

12

Cx. khazani Edwards, 1922

Edwards (1922)

 

13

Cx. cinctellus Edwards, 1922

Barraud (1934)

 

14

Cx. mammilifer Leicestor, 1908

Barraud (1934)

 

15

Cx. sitiens Wiedemann, 1828

Mariappan et al (1997)

 

16

Cx. univittatus Theobald, 1901

Mariappan et al (1997)

 

17

Cx. whitmorei (Giles), 1904

Barraud (1934)

 

18

Cx. mimeticus Noe, 1899

Barraud (1934)

 

19

Cx. infantulus Edwards, 1922

Rajavel et al (2006)

 

20

Cx. minutismus (Theobald), 1907

Mariappan et al (1997)

 

21

Cx.mimulus Edwards, 1915

Barraud (1934)

 

22

Cx.infula Theobald, 1901

Arunachalam et al (2004)

 

23

Cx. fuscocephala Theobald, 1907

Arunachalam et al (2004)

 

24

Cx. sinensis Theobald, 1903

Balasubramanian & Nikhil, 2013

 

25

Cx. malayi Leicester, 1908

Balasubramanian & Nikhil, 2013

 

26

Cx. mimuloides Barraud, 1924

Balasubramanian & Nikhil, 2013

 

27

Cx. pallidothorax Theobald, 1905

Balasubramanian & Nikhil, 2013

 

28

Cx. fuscanus Wiedemann, 1820

Barraud (1934)

 

 

MANSONIA

No

Species

Reference for

distribution in Kerala

Vector status

Ma. annulifera (Theobald), 1901

Theobald (1901)

Brugian filariasis

2

Ma. uniformis (Theobald), 1901

Theobald (1901)

Brugian filariasis

3

Ma. indiana

Iyengar (1932)

Brugian filariasis

 

(Source: Mosquitoes in Kerala: Diversity and Public Health Implications. Artilce by Sumodan PK, Government College, Madapally)