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| Last Updated:: 09/01/2020

Mangroves of Kerala

Sl No

Common Name

Scientific Name

Family

Sea Holy

Acanthus ilicifolius L.

Acanthaceae

 2

River Mangrove

Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco

Primulaceae

Gray Mangrove

Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh.

Acanthaceae

4

White Mangrove

Avicennia officinalis L.

Acanthaceae

5

Small leaved Mangrove

Bruguiera cylindrical (L) Blume

Rhizophoraceae

6

Large leaved Mangrove

Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L) Savi

Rhizophoraceae

7

Golden orange Mangrove

Bruguiera sexangula (Lour) Poir

Rhizophoraceae

8

Yellow Mangrove

Ceriops tagal (Perr.) C. B. Rob.

Rhizophoraceae

9

Blinding Tree

Excoecaria agallocha L.

Euphorbiaceae

10

Looking glass Mangrove

Heritiera littoralis Dryand

Malvaceae

11

Kandelia

Kandelia candel (L) Druce

Rhizophoraceae

12

Black Mangrove

Lumnitzera racemosa Willd

Combretaceae

13

Nipa palm

Nypa fruticans Wurmb

Nypoideae

14

Tall stilt Mangrove

Rhizophora apiculata Blume

Rhizophoraceae

15

Asiatic Mangrove

Rhizophora mucronata Poir

Rhizophoraceae

16

Mock willow

Shirakiopsis indica (Wild) Esser

Euphorbiaceae

17

Sweet scented apple Mangrove

Sonneratia alba J.E. Smith

Lythraceae

18

Apple Mangrove

Sonneratia caseolaris (L)Engl.

Lythraceae

19

Golden leather fern

Acrostichum aureum (L)

Pteridaceae

20

Alligator weed

Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.)Grisb.

Amaranthaceae

21

White  jacket

Aniseia martinicensis (Jacq.) Choisy

Convolvulaceae

22

Pond apple

Annona glabra L.

Annonaceae

23

Indian coralberry

Ardisia littoralis L.

Myrsinaceae

24

Thyme leaved gratiola

Bacopa monnieri L.(Pennell)

Plantaginaceae

25

Powderpuff Mangrove

Barringtonia racemosa (L) Spreng

Lecythidaceae

26

Fever nut

Caesalpinia crista L.

Fabaceae

27

Alexandrian laurel

Calophyllum inophyllum L

Calophyllaceae

28

Bay Bean

Canavalia maritime (Aubl.)Thouars

Fabaceae

29

Bush Grape

Cayratia trifolia (L.) Domin

Vitaceae

30

Suicide Tree

Cerbera odollam Gaertn.

Apocynaceae

31

Sea Jasmine

Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn.

Verbenaceae

32

River Lilly

Crinum viviparum (Lam.)R.Ansari & V.J. Nair

Amaryllidaceae

33

Javanese flatsedge

Cyperus javanicus Houtt.

Cyperaceae

34

Shichito matgrass

Cyperus malaccensis Lam.

Cyperaceae

35

Mangrove dalbergia

Dalbergia candenatensis (Dennst.) Prain

Fabaceae

36

Jewel vine

Derris scandens (Roxb.) Benth.

Leguminosae

37

Sea derris

Derris trifoliate Lour

Fabaceae

38

Beetle grass

Diplachne fusca (L.) P.Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult.

Poaceae

39

Mangrove trumpet tree

Dolichandrone spathacea (L.f.) K. Schum

Bignoniaceae

40

Water caltrop

Eleocharis dulcis (Burm.f.) Trimen ex Hansch

Cyperaceae

41

Indian spike rush

Eleocharis spiralis (Rottb.) Roem. & Schult.

Cyperaceae

42

Swamp immortelle

Erythrina fusca Lour.

Fabaceae

43

Button sedge

Fimbristylis cymosa R. Br.

Cyperaceae

44

Common finger rush

Fimbristylis ferruginea (L.) Vahl

Cyperaceae

45

Marsh sedge

Fimbristylis polytrichoides (Retz.) R.Br.

Cyperaceae

46

Whip vine

Flagellaria indica L.

Flagellariaceae

47

Quail plant

Heliotropium curassavicum L.

Boraginaceae

48

Spider lilly

Hymenocallis latifolia (Jacq.) Salisb.

Amaryllidaceae

49

Bay hops

Ipomoea pes-caprae (L).R.Br.

Convolvulaceae

50

Beach moonflower

Ipomoea violacea L.

Convolvulaceae

51

Swamp pimpernel

Lindernia tenuifolia (Colsm). Alston

Scrophulariaceae

52

Noni

Morinda citrifolia L.

Rubiaceae

53

Screw pine

Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze

Pandanaceae

54

Swamp silkweed

Parsonsia inodora (Lour.)M.R.&S.M. Almeida

Apocyanaceae

55

Knot grass

Paspalum distichum L.

Poaceae

56

Water reed

Phragmites karka (Retz.)Trin. ex Steud.

Poaceae

57

Indian  beech tree

Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre

Fabaceae

58

Hedace tree

Premna serratifolia L.

Lamiaceae

59

Berryshaped sauropus

Synostemon bacciformis (L.)Airy Shaw

Euphorbiaceae

60

Beach plum

Scaevola sericea G. Frost. Ex Vahl

Goodeniaceae

61

Bulrush

Schoenoplectus litoralis (Schrad.) Pallas sp. Thermalis (Trab.) S.S. Hooper

Cyperaceae

62

Silky sesban

Sesbania sericea (Wild.) Link

Fabaceae

63

Sea purslane

Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L.

Aizoaceae

64

East Indian globe thistle

Sphaeranthus africanus L.

Compositae

65

Chicken spike

Sphenoclea zeylanica Gaertn.

Sphenocleaceae

66

Sand couch

Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth

Poaceae

67

Sea hibiscus

Talipariti tiliaceum (L.) Fryxell

Malvaceae

68

Indian tulip tree

Thespesia populnea L. Soland. Ex Correa

Malvaceae

69

Indian ipecac

Tylophora tetrapetala (Dennst.) Suresh

Apocynaceae

70

Wild  pea

Vigna adenantha (Meyer) Marechal

Fabaceae

71

Chinese wedelia

Wedelia chinensis (Osbeck) Merr.

Asteraceae

72

Manila grass

Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr.

Poaceae